A semi-transparent cloth in a combination of natural and synthetic fibre types, in which the design is applied to the fabric via a chemical process. In this process, the natural fibre is partially etched (burned) away.
A fine, plain weave transparent fabric which resembles cotton in appearance; also referred to as an in-between.
Yarn consisting of small or large loops; gives fabric a loose or grainy appearance.
Usually uni fabrics with contrasting colours in the warp and weft whereby a lustrous effect occurs which creates a heavily changeable colour effect in the fold of the pleat, often seen in taffeta quality.
A fancy yarn that is primarily worked into the weft. Loose fibres/piles are incorporated into the weft thread creating a sort of yarn pool. This lends a highly caressable quality and velour-like appearance to the fabric.
A double weave in which both sides differ in appearance yet either side may be used as the “good side.”
Old technique in which special pin weaving machines weave with loops which have been partially or entirely cut through. This creates a velour-like weave with jacquard patterns.
Crosswise threads in a weave.
Fabric in which a design arises through patterns woven into the fabric. This may vary from very simple to extremely rich and intricate patterns. The name comes from the name of the French inventor of the Jacquard loom,
J.M. Jacquard (1752 – 1834).
Natural fibre made from the seed hairs of the cotton shrub. In this form, the cotton resembles cotton wool. The length of the fibre determines the characteristics. Cotton is strong, wear-resistant, highly absorbent, and may be ironed at a high temperature. Disadvantages: tendency to wrinkle and easily affected by atmospheric humidity.
Lengthwise threads in a weave.
Natural fibre obtained from the stems of the flax plant after they have been subjected to a rotting and drying process.
Very fine polyester or polyamide fibres. Fabrics that are made from microfibres are smooth, dense and very suitable for emerising so that a soft top layer may be created, produces a peach-skin appearance.
This is a generic term for fabrics usually made from cotton with matting weave. This is a flat weave, with two yarns placed next to one another, also referred to as double flat.
The weave of a fabric in which the warp threads and the weft threads intersect one to one. The fabric has the same weave pattern on both sides.
This is an often-used synthetic fibre with a high degree of wear-resistance, is very stable and colourfast. Produced from petroleum. A thick, fluid mass is pressed by spinning jets so that a nearly endless, long filament/fibre is created.
Manchester is heavier corduroy woven in lengthwise ribs and then cut open, with a velvet weft. Repeatedly used for work clothing and ready-to-wear. Corduroy is also available in a narrower rib.
Cotton fabric used for linings in satin weave with a shine created by pressing.
The name originates from the Italian word for silk, “seta” since the fabric exhibits a smooth, closed and primarily shiny surface, caused by weft and warp threads intersecting one another at least four to one or vice versa.
Originally a flat-weave fabric made from silk from China (Shantung province). Imitation Shantung is often made from viscose.
Persian Taftah (to spin), tafteh (shiny); a dense, fine-threaded, slightly stiff fabric in a flat weave of silk/viscose or synthetic fibres.
English word for this type of weave; fabrics are often made from cotton or a cotton blend, uni quality with strongly pronounced diagonal lines.
Cotton warp velvet curtain fabric with a specific pile direction (nap) that creates a difference in colour depth. Normally velour is processed with the nap facing upwards so that the most intensive colour will be visible.
Synthetic fibre extracted from plant fibres. Is sensitive to moisture, has a tendency to crease, but displays a beautiful silky shine.
French word for veil. Airy, transparent, usually synthetic weaves.
Natural fibre spun by the silkworm. Fine, shiny, irregular thread. Not very durable and very sensitive to light.